Violence in schools is Pervasive
One billion children are subject to perpetrated violence every year, which is more than half the number of children worldwide. As a child, violence can have devastating effects on your mental and physical health as well as educational outcomes.
School is where children spend the most time than any teachers about other place outside of their home. There must be safety. We examine the issue of teacher violence using studies from low- to middle-income countries. Teachers-perpetrated violence has become a serious problem. The education sector must take more steps to eradicate it from schools. Five strategies are presented that we hope will prove useful to policymakers, practitioners planning interventions and donors funding interventions. We also point out the large evidence gaps in low and middle income countries.
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Teachers are often victims of violence, whether it be physical, emotional or sexual Perpetrated
Discipline is a common form of discipline. Currently, corporal punishment in schools is legal in 64 countries where half of the world’s school-aged children are. Even though corporal punishment is illegal in some countries, it continues teacher training to be used in schools in many other countries. An 8-year old study in four countries revealed that most had seen a teacher use corporal punishment within the past week. While teacher corporal punishment is illegal in the United States under Perpetrated decline it is still legal and is used in over half of all schools in three states. It is not uncommon for children to find emotional violence more distressing than physical punishment.
Violent discipline in schools is still a common reality for many children all over the globe. This is clearly a violation of the UN Convention of the Rights of the Child.
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Teachers’ sexual abuse is a sensitive topic that is difficult to collect data. However, the evidence we have is alarmingly common. According to one study, 18% of girls in the world and 7.6 percent for boys around the globe have experienced some type of sexual abuse as children. Susannah, Lee Crawfurd and Lee Crawfurd have previously blogged about the alarming extent of teacher sexual violence. They suggested that one-eighth of the eight children in Senegal and Zambia were subject to sexual harassment by school staff members in the past four weeks. According to the National Demographic and Health Surveys, South Africa’s schoolteachers were responsible for 33% of all rapes against girls aged 15 and under in 1998. Qualitative research in Malawi, Ghana, Zimbabwe and Ghana found that sexual relationships between teachers and pupils were common in these countries. This was linked to gender inequality. Ellen’s forthcoming research in Uganda reveals the institutional nature and consequences of teacher sexual violence.
Teachers are victims of sexual violence, and there is a worldwide crisis in school sexual violence. Much more must be done and known.
Strategies to reduce violence against teachers
There have been remarkable policy changes worldwide over the past three decades to stop violence against children. Nearly all countries, with the exception of the yoga teachers USA, have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. Unfortunately, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and other policies have not been effective in preventing violence.
A growing number of schools-based interventions by nongovernmental organisations (NGOs), or governments, are being investigated to reduce teacher violence. The following systematic review will identify four interventions (box 1) which were rigorously evaluated and had the primary goal of preventing teacher violence. One further intervention also had secondary goals and an impact on it. Violence in schools is pervasive,